Casino gambling has experienced dramatic growth in the USA during the past decade. Because this growth has occurred recently, there have been few systematic studies of its effects. This research uses quasi-experimental control group methods to study 68 counties where casinos were opened during the period 1989-93 and three multi-casino counties. Results show that casino gambling is adopted by economically struggling counties and that it can be a successful development strategy. The effects trickle down to other sectors of the economy, including recipients of income maintenance payments. On the downside, local governments and local workers do not appear to reap the lion's share of benefits, as much of the income generated by casinos is dissipated through leakages outside the host county. Finally, some casino types and locations are marginally better than others, but currently these factors are not prominent determinants of casino effects.


Rephann, Terance, Margaret Dalton, Anthony Stair, and Andrew Isserman. 1997. Casino gambling as an economic development strategy. Tourism Economics 3, 2: 161-184.

Powerpoint slide presentation of paper presented at the 35th Annual Meeting of the Southern Regional Science Association on April 11-14, 1996.

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